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Network Members
  Policy and Prevention
Collaborative Studies
Contacts & Links


Many different researchers from many different institutions and even countires have been involved in SCoPiC and collaborative research. Below you will find informaiton about key Network members, arranged by study. Please visit our SCoPiC Collaborators page to view information on collaborative projects and research.


Principal Investigators:

Professor Per-Olof Wikström (SCoPiC Network Director)

Per-Olof Wikström is Professor of Ecological and Developmental Criminology and Fellow of Girton College, Cambridge.  He has served as the Deputy Director of the Cambridge Institute of Criminology and Director of the Institute's PhD programme.  He is also the general editor of the Clarendon series in Criminology (Oxford University Press), a member of the advisory boards of several international journals and an elected member of the European Society of Criminology.

In 1994 he received the American Society of Criminology Sellin-Glueck Award for outstanding contributions to international criminology, and in 2002 he was elected a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford.

Professor Wikström's main research interests are the causes of crime, urban crime, adolescent offending, criminal careers and cross-national comparative research.

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Professor Terrie Moffitt

Terrie E. Moffit is Professor of Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, and the Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She is director of the MRC-funded Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, part of the Twins Early Development Study, which follows a 1994–95 birth cohort of 1100 pairs of twins to test effects of family adversity on children's behaviour problems. She also served for ten years as Associate Director of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study, a longitudinal study based at the University of Otago School of Medicine in Dunedin, New Zealand.

She received the Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology in 1993, the Eleanor Maccoby Book Award from the American Psychological Association in 2003, the John P. Hill Award from the Society for Research in Adolescence, became a fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences in 1999, and holds a Royal Society-Wolfson Merit Award since 2002. She is a licensed clinical psychologist, and received her hospital training at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute.  She earned her PhD in psychology at the University of Southern California in 1984, and her bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1977.

Her research interests include the natural history of antisocial behaviour, depression and schizophrenia from childhood to adulthood; the etiology of conduct disorder, juvenile delinquency and antisocial personality disorder; studies of nature-nurture interplay using behavioural genetic method; longitudinal research methodology; and intelligence and neuropsychological assessment.

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Professor Sir Anthony Bottoms

Anthony Bottoms is Emeritus Professor of Criminology at the University of Cambridge and Honorary Professor at the University of Sheffield. He was Wolfson Professor of Criminology from 1984 to 2006 and served as Director of the Cambridge Institute of Criminology from 1984 to 1998, during which time he pioneered the Institute's Master of Studies course for senior police officers and corectional personnel. He has also been a Visiting Professor at the University of Sheffield and Queen's University in Belfast. Professor Bottoms was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1997 and awarded the American Society of Crimnology Sellin-Glueck Award in 1996. He is a Life Fellow of Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, where he served as President ( or Vice-Master) from 1994 to 1998.Professor Bottoms received his knighthood in the Queen's Birthday Honours of 2001 for his services to the criminal justice system. He received an honorary DOctorate of Laws from Queen's University, Belfast, in 2003, and in 2007 received the European Criminology Award from the European Society of Criminology for lifetime achievements in criminology.

His research interests are wide-ranging and include desistance, socio-spatial criminology, penology and theoretical criminology, expecially in regards to social order and legal comploiace. He is particuarly interested in the relevance of criminology to the practical dimensions of criminal justice.

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Professor Alex Hirschfield, HonMFPH

Alex HirschfieldPolicy and Prevention Analysis Team
University of Huddersfield

Alex Hirschfield is Professor of Criminology at the University of Huddersfield and Director of the Applied Criminology Group. He is also a Visiting Professor in the Centre for Investigative Psychology at the University of Liverpool and an Associate of the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science at University College London.

Since 2002 he has served as Home Office Senior Academic Advisor to the Government Office North West, and Knowledge Transfer Champion with the Regional Development Agency, Yorkshire, thorugh which he aims to bring together academics and the private sector to explore the business opportunities of crime reduction technologies. His research work also involves public helath and he was awarded Honorary Membership of the Faculty of Public Health in July 2000.His research interests include environmental criminology, situational crime prevention, urban regeneration, GIS and crime mapping, policy evaluation and health impact assessment.

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Professor Ken Pease, OBE

Ken PeasePolicy and Prevention Analysis Team

Ken Pease is Emeritus Professor of Criminology at the University of Huddersfield, where he established the Applied Criminology Group in 1995. He is also Visiting Professor at the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science at University College London. Professor Pease has acted as a consultant to a number of international organisations including the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the Customs Co-operation Council. He is a former Parole Board member.He has worked intermittenly on repeat victimisation for 18 years, and has been involved with the British Crime Survey for 14; his work has concerned the anticipation of crime trends, and he has been responsible for some of the most innovative, rigorous, yet practical work in crime reduction in the last few decades. He helped to coin the term 'crime science' and has striven to integrate serious scientific methods into crime reduction.

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Collaborative Researchers:

The Tubingen Criminal Behaviour Development Study (TCBDS)

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Professor Avshalo
m Caspi

Avshalom CaspiThe Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study


Avshalom Caspi is Professor of Personality Development at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London, and Professor of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

In 1995 he won both the American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contributions to Psychology, and the American Psychological Foundation Robert L. Fantz Award. He was selected as a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in 1998, and in 2006, he was elected to the British Academy.

His major research interests include life-span developmental psychology, life-course sociology, development and psychopathology, personality assessment, behavioural genetics, and longitudinal research methods. In the area of developmental psychology and psychopathology, his research focuses on origins, continuity and change in individual differences in normal and abnormal psychological trats. In the area of social psychology and psychiatry, his research focuses on social inequalities and mental health. In the area of personality psychology, his researc hfocuses on integrating methods and concepts from differential psychology with those in epidemiology to better understand how and why personality differences shape health-risk behaviours. His research is characterized by attention to the study of environmental risk for psychopathology and the use of rigorous methods to test that the causal mechanism is environmentall, rather than genetically, mediated.

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Manuel Eisner

Dr Manuel Eisner is a reader in Sociological Criminology at the University of Cambridge and private docent at the University of Zurich. He is currently conducting the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children (z-proso) and has advised governmental institutions on juvenile delinquency prevention and community policing.

His main research interests include the effects of social and urban change on crime, the history of crime, juvenile delinquency, and the public presentation of crime and criminal justice.

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Professor David Farrington, OBE

David FarringtonThe Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development

Dr David P Farrington is Professor of Psychological Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, Cambridge, and has served as Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic. He is director of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development.

Professor Farrington is a Fellow of the British Academy and the Academy of Medical Sciences, past President of the American and British Societies of Criminology, the European Association of Psychology and Law, and the Academy of Experimental Criminology, past Chairman of the British Psychoclogical Society Division of Forensic Psychology and the UK Deparment of Health Advisory Committee for the Naitonal Programme in Forensic Mental Health.

He has served as a member of the Board of Directors of the International Society of Criminology, the advisory board of the US National Juvenile Court Data Archive, vice-chair of the US National Academy of Sciences Panel on Violence, co-chair of the US Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Study Groups on serious and violent juvenile offenders and very young offenders, oc-chair of the High Security Psyschoatric Services Commissioning Board Network on Primary Prevention of Adult Antisocial Behaviour, Acting Director of the Cambridge Insititute of Criminology, a member of the US National Academy of Sciences Committee of Law and Justice and its Panel on Criminal Career Research, Visiting Fellow at the US National Institute of Justice, Visiting Fellow at the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Netherlands Insitute for the Study of Criminality and Law Enforcement, and a member of the National Parole Board for England and Wales. He is also Co-Principal Investigator of the Pittsburgh Youth Study, and co-chair of the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group, and has served as an editor for more than 15 journals.

Professor Farrington received the American Society of Criminology's Sellin-Glueck Award in 1984, and its Sutherland Award in 2002. He received the Beccaria Gold Medal of the Criminological Society of German Speaking Countries in 2005, and the Joan McCord Award of the Academy of Experimental Criminology in 2005. His book Understanding and Controlling Crime won the 1988 price for distinguished scholarship of the Amercian Sociological Association Criminology Section. He is an Honorary Life Member of the British Society of Criminology and the British Society Division of Forensic Psychology.

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Professor Robert Haining

Robert Haining is Professor of Human Geography at the University of Cambridge, where he served as Head of Department for 2002-2007. He is a Fellow of Fitzwilliam College.

He moved to Cambridge from a personal chair at the University of Sheffield in 2000, where he helped found, and went on to direct, the Centre for Geographic Information and Spatial Analysis.

He has longstanding research interests in the development of methodology for the analysis of spatial data and has been involved in the application of this methodology to a range of research and policy oriented questions in health services research and the geography of crime, using GIS. He has undertaken research for the Home Office on the geography of violent crime and is involved in a project to develop GIS to support policing services for the Home Office.

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uergen Kerner

Hans-Juergen KoernerThe Tübingen Criminal Behaviour Development Study (TCBDS)

Hans-Juergen Kerner is the Director of the University of Tübingen Institute of Criminology and Full Professor at the Faculty of Law, with special responsibility for the fields of criminology, juvenile law, corrections and penal procedure. He is a lead researcher in the Tübingen Criminal Behaviour Development Study (TCBDS).

He has served as President of the German Foundation for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders, Honorary President of trhe International Society for Criminology, is a Life Member of the American Society of Criminology and the Academy of Criminal Justices Sciences, USA, and a member of the Research Group on Victim-Offender-Reconciliation, among other scholarly associations.

He has longstanding research interests in the development of methodology for the analysis of spatial data and has been involved in the application of this methodology to a range of research and policy oriented questions in health services research and the geography of crime, using GIS. He has undertaken research for the Home Office on the geography of violent crime and is involved in a project to develop GIS to support policing services for the Home Office.

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Professor Marc LeBlanc

The Montreal Two-Samples Longitudinal Study
University of Montreal

Marc LeBlanc is Emeritus Professor at the University of Montreal's School of Psychoeducation and School of Criminology. He served as Director of Research for Boscoville, a research and development centre for adolescents with problem behaviour. He has been involved in fundamental and applied research concerning juvenile delinquency for the last 35 years and in promoting a developmental approach to the study of crime. He has also worked on the ecology of delinquency in Montreal, changes in the phenomenon of delinquency over the past 30 years, the gang phenomenon, substance use and female delinquency.

His work in applied criminology concerns the evaluation of treatments for juvenile delinquencys and the functioning on juvenile justice. He developed and validated an instrument for the evaluation of juvenile delinquents based on his integrative theory. He has also implemented experimental differential treatments (cognitive behavioural and developmental) in secure and open units for serious delinquents. Professor LeBlanc has also been engaged in a consultative capacity to various governmental and nongovernmental organizations in Canada, American and Europe.

Professor LeBlanc was elected to the Social Sciences Academy of the Royal Society of Canada and is a Beccaria, Killam and deToqueville-Beaumont Fellow. He has contributed to ongoing debates about paradigmatic topics such as developmental criminology, advanced criminological theory by constructing multilayered developmental theories of self- and social control, and supplemented empirical knowledge through cross-sectional and longitudinal research.

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Professor Rolf Loeber


Rolf Loeber is Professor of Psychiatry, Psychology and Epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, and Professor of Juvenile Delinquency and Social Development for the Amsterdam Free University. He is Co-director of the Life History Program and Principal Investigator of three longitudinal studies: the Pittsburgh Youth Study, the Developmental Trends Study, and the Pittsburgh Girls Study.  

He has published widely in the fields of juvenile antisocial behavior and delinquency, substance use, and mental health problems and for the period between 1991 and 1995 was listed among the top 30 authors in criminology, and the top 25 authors in psychology, based on the citation index. More recently, he has been listed among the 1000 most cited authors in the world in the fields of Psychology and Psychiatry.  

His research interests relate to how and why young people develop serious problems, including serious delinquency, mental problems and drug problems; how to better understand and document how young people's behaviour changes with development; how risk and protective factors emerge and persist during that development; and why this is relevant for preventions and intervention.

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Professor Stephen Raudenbush


Stephen W. Raudenbush is the Lewis-Sebring Professor of Sociology and Chairman of the Committee on Education at the University of Chicago. His research involves the development, testing, refinement, and application of statistical methods for studying individual change and the effects of social settings such as schools and neighbourhoods on change. He is best known for his development and application of hierarchical linear models (HLM) in the field of education, but he has also published on other subjects such as health and crime. He is also interested in measuring the social organisation of neighbourhoods, schools and classrooms.

Professor Raudenbush received an Ed.D. in Policy Analysis and Evaluation Research in 1984 from Harvard University. In 2006 he recevied the Distinguished Contributions to Research in Education Award and the Robert Park Award for outstanding work in community and urban sociology.

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Professor Robert J Sampson

Robert SampsonThe Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighbourhoods

Harvard University

Robert J Sampson is Chairman of the Department of Sociology and the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University. He served previously as the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor in Sociology at the University of Chicago and Senior Research Fellow at the American Bar Foundation.

He became a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioural Sciences in Stanford, California, from 2002- 2003, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2005, and a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2006.

Professor Sampson's main research interests include the etiology of crime and violence, life course criminology, neighbourhood effects and the social organization of cities. He is currently studying the nature, sources, and consequences of community-level social processes as part of the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, for which he serves as Scientific Director. He is also engaged in a longitudinal study of crime and deviance over the life course of 1,000 disadvantaged men born in Boston during the Great Depression era. Based on an age-graded theory of informal social control, his focus is on changes and turning points in crime from adolescence to later adulthood. His first book from this project (Crime in the Making: Pathways and Turning Points Through Life, Harvard University Press, 1993), written with John Laub, received the outstanding book award from the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and the Crime, Law, and Deviance Section of the American Sociological Association.

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Professor Joanna Shapland

Joanna ShaplandThe Sheffield Pathways out of Crime Study

University of Sheffield

Joanna Shapland is Professor of Criminal Justice in the Department of Law at the University of Sheffield. She moved to Sheffield in 1988 after working for many years at the Centre for Criminological Research at the University of Oxford. In 1992 she became director of the Institute for the Study of the Legal Profession, and in 1993 she was promoted to a chair.

Professor Shapland is internationally known as a criminologist, with a substantial research record particularly in victimology and policing.  She is the Executive Editor of the International Review of Victimology and was formerly Editor of the British Journal of Criminology.  She is the author of many well-regarded books, articles and research reports, including a pioneering study of training for the Bar. She was appointed as as independent assessor on the Review of Criminal Justice in Northern Ireland, which reported in 2000 as part of the Good Friday Agreement. She has also served as the UK representative on the governing council of GERN (GRoupe European de Recherches sur les Normativites), the leading European research network on criminology and criminal justice. She is also a member of the government's Interdepartmental Committee on Violence to Staff. 

Professor Shapland's principal research interests include victimisation and victimology, the legal professions, business and crime, the informal economy, desistance, crime prevention and social control, and comparative criminal justice.

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Professor John Spencer


J R Spencer read law at Cambridge, where he has taught law in various capacities since 1970.  He is a Fellow of Selwyn College.  He has been a Professor in the University Law Faculty since 1995, and has spent several periods as a visiting professor at French universities.  He was Chairman of the Cambridge Law Faculty from 1995 to 1997. 

His academic interests include criminal evidence and comparative criminal procedure, comparative law, criminal law, tort and contract, and medical law. He was part of the international team of criminal lawyers which produced the EU Corpus Juris project proposing a unified European law for the prosecution of offences of fraud against the community budget. He is an honorary consultant to the NSPCC.  In 2000, he served as consultant to Lord Justice Auld's Review of the Criminal Courts, and was made a Chevalier de l'Ordre des palmes académiques.

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Professor Michael Tonry


Michael Tonry is Marvin J. Sonosky Professor of Law and Public Policy at the University of Minnesota. He served as Director of the Cambridge Institute of Criminologt from 1999 to 2004. He became a visiting professor at the University of Lusanne, Switzerland in 2001 and a Senior Fellow of the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement in 2003.

Professor Tonry founded and directed the MacArthur Foundation-US Department of Justice Program on Human Development and Criminal Behaivour (1987-1990). He edits a number of academic journals. His research interests include criminal law, jurisprudence and comparative law.

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Research Teams

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The Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study

Research Associates:

  • Barry Milne (2004-2007)

Barry Milne supervises data qualitry control for the E-Risk study. His special interest lies in measuring family histories of mental disorders and problem behaviours in order to understand why problem behaviours concentrate in families across many generations.

  • Candice OdgersCandice Odgers (2005-2007)
Candice Odgers joined the London Site from the University of Virginia in Autumn 2005 after being awarded an ESRC Fellowship.  Since completing her fellowship, she has worked on the E-Risk Study full-time, having been awarded a further postdoctoral fellowship from North America, and has focused on the data collected through the SCoPiC Neighbourhood Survey.

More generally, her research focuses on the developmental course of externalizing disorders, with an emphasis on physical-health outcomes. Other interests include the role of gender, family history and neighbourhood context in the progression of chilhood conduct disorder; longitudinal methods for facilitating causal inference; and the health consequences of early teenage substance exposure.

PhD Candidates:

  • Lillian Chan, Bath University (2005)

  • Lisa Cheung, Middlesex University (2005)

Lisa began working for the E-Risk Study while undertaking her Masters in health psychology at Middlesex University. She has worked on tracking families for followup, and collecting data from teachers and schools.

  • Tim Matthews, Surrey University (2005)

Tim Matthews joined the E-Risk Study during a student placement from Surrey University during his undergraduate psychology degree.

  • Barry Milne, King's College London (2006)

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The Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study

Research Associates:

  • David Butterworth (2002-2004)
  • Vania CeccatoVania Ceccato (2004-2006)

Vania Ceccato is a senior researcher at the Department of Urban Planning and Environment at the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden, where she recently became a Docent in Geoinformatics. She is also a senior researcher at the University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology, where she continues to work with PADS+ unique geographical data. She began working with PADS+ in 2004, following a post-doctoral fellowship at the Cambridge Department of Geography, where she worked with Professor Robert Haining.

Research Fellows:

  • Dietrich Oberwittler (2004-2006)

Dietrich OberwittlerDr Oberwittler worked for the SCoPiC Network as a Marie Curie fellow at the Cambridge Institute of Criminology. He is a sociologist whose research interests are in the fields of juvenile delinquency, social ecology of crime, urban sociology and quantitative methodology. After studying social sciences and history at the Universities of Münster and Bonn and at University College London, Dietrich Oberwittler was a doctoral student at the University of Trier where he received a DPhil for his thesis on the development of juvenile justice in Germany and England between 1850 and 1920.

In 1997, he joined the Department of Criminology at the Max Planck Institute in Freiburg and from 1999 also taught sociology at the University of Freiburg. He was the principal investigator of a study on neighbourhood and school contextual effects on adolescent crime. Based on self-reports of ca. 6500 adolescents and applying multilevel analysis, this study produced empirical evidence of the exacerbating effects on juvenile delinquency of living in concentrated disadvantage. The study also investigated the effects and interdependencies of crime and disorder on neighbourhood social cohesion and social capital.

In 2005, he was appointed affiliated lecturer in the law faculty, University of Cambridge, and returned to the Max Planck Institute as a senior researcher in February 2006, where he was promoted to research group leader (comparable to an associate professor) in 2008. He is also a Privatdozent for Sociology at the University of Freiburg.

In 2006 he initiated the European Homicide-Suicide Study (EHSS), a combined micro- and macro-level analysis of familial homicide-suicide events in several European countries. Other recent research activities include a spatial analysis of regional crime patterns in South-West Germany and public opinion research on punitiveness and the death penalty in China.

For more information see:

  • Robert Svensson (2005-2006)

Robert SvenssonRobert Svensson is Associate Professor of Sociology and works as a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Health and Society at Malmö University, Sweden. In 2004, he received his PhD in Sociology from Stockholm University. Subsequently, he spent one year as a guest researcher at the Cambridge Institute of Criminology, where he worked with SCoPiC. He has also been working at the National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) in Stockholm for nine years. In 2008, he was appointed Associate Professor of Sociology by the Faculty of Social Sciences at Stockholm University.

His main research interests include crime and deviance among adolescent, criminal careers, cross-national comparative research, and quantitative methods. In his present research, he examines the interaction between the individual and the setting on offending (with Professor Lieven Pauwels), the interaction between morality and self-control on offending (with Professor Per-Olof Wikström) and the relationship between the peer group, immigrant status and offending (with Dr. David Shannon).

Research Assistants:

  • Andrea Egerton (2006-2007)
  • Nicola Every (2003-2004)
  • Beth Hardie (2004-2007)

Beth HardieBeth completed her undergraduate degree at Cambridge in 2004, with an initial grounding in Politics, Sociology, Anthropology and Social Psychology. She finally specialised in Developmental Psychology and took an optional paper in Criminology. 

Beth has been working under Professor Wikström since December 2004. Initially she worked for one year to complete the stand-alone Peterborough Community Survey (PCS), after which she joined the other researchers on the PADS+ fieldwork team. In 2006 Beth became the research manager of PADS+ and has enjoyed the varied challenges, which have included interviewing the PADS+ young people, presenting at conferences, and devising and practising meticulous methodology, data management and best practice to ensure the quality of the PADS+ data.

Other than PADS+, Beth continues to build on her reading about the impact of early negative life experiences (such as those associated with traumatic wartime events, family breakdown and abuse) on positive behavioural outcomes.

  • Helen McKinnon (2003-2006)
  • Caroline Moul (2006-2007)

Caroline graduated from Cambridge University in 2005.  She worked with young people with emotional and behavioural disorders before starting as a PADS+ research assistant in September 2006. Her areas of interest include child maltreatment and violence and aggression in young people.

  • Louise Neil (2005-2006)
  • Charlotte Read (2000-2003)
  • Kyle Treiber (2005-2007)

Kyle TreiberDr Kyle Treiber began working with PADS+ during the first young person's sweep as a PhD candidate. She now works as a PADS+ Research Associate. Her particular expertise lie in the neurocognitive and biopsychological dimensions of the study. She has been responsible for acquiring and developing the many psychometric measures used by PADS+ and completed her dissertation, Executive Capabilities and Crime, using PADS+ data on young people’s executive and emotive control.

Dr Treiber graduated from the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics in 1997 and earned her BS in Psychology and a minor in Journalism and Mass Communications from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2001. She moved to Cambridge in 2002 to undertake her MPhil in Criminology, where she finished top of her class and was awarded the Lopez-Rey Graduate Prize for her dissertation, Sociobiology and Crime. She went on to complete her PhD, Executive Capabilities and Crime, in 2008.

Her research interests include evolutionary psychology and behaviourism, the biology of morality and self-control, and the interaction between individuals and environments.

  • Aase Villadsen (2003-2007)
  • Lindsay Whetter (2002-2005)

Postdoctoral Candidate:

  • Stephen Boxford (2003)

PhD Candidates:

  • Dirk-Hinrich Haar, University of Cambridge (2006)Dirk-Hinrich Haar

Formalised modelling of action theory in the explanation of crime for prediction, deduction and intervention

For his dissertation, Dirk-Hinrich Haar developed a formalised model of action which emphasises the role of experiential memory and habituation in behaviour. He tested this model experimentally with regards to routine offending and routine compliance. He also investigated social implications, in particular for deterrence.

Prior to his PhD research, Dirk-Hinrich Haar studied Political Science and Public Policy in Germany and France and completed the MPhil in Criminology at Cambridge in 2006. His studies have been supported by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (Germany) and the Gates Cambridge Trust.

  • Alpa Parmar, University of Cambridge (2002)Alpa Parmar

Crime and ‘the Asian Community’: Disentangling Perceptions and Reality

Dr Parmar’s dissertation presented an in-depth community case study focussing on the experiences of British-Pakistani youths in the UK and their immediate community context. Dr Parmar is now teaching at King’s College London School of Law, where she is a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow. Her current research focuses on understanding ethnic minority youths’ perceptions of and experiences with the police in the UK following the implementation of anti-terror legislation.

  • Kyle Treiber, University of Cambridge (2003)

Executive Capabilities and Crime

Dr Treiber’s dissertation explored the role of executive capabilities (the neurocognitive functions involved in action decision-making) in self-control and the process of action choice. She is now a Research Associate and Assistant Lecturer at the University of Cambridge, where she continues to work with PADS+.

Personal Assistants to the Network Director:

  • Charlotte Christie (2002-2005)
  • Sarah McIntyre (2005-2006)
  • Richard Austria (2007)

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The Sheffield Pathways out of Crime Study (SPOOCS)

Research Associates:

  • Helen Atkinson (2005-2006)

Helen is a Researcher at the Centre for Criminological Research, University of Sheffield.  She graduated from the University of Humberside in 1999 with a BA in Criminology and Social Policy, and then completed an MA in Criminal Justice Studies at Leeds University in 2000.  Helen worked for Oxford University for two years as a Research Associate on an evaluation of Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programmes (ISSP), before joining the Centre for Criminological Research at Sheffield as a Researcher on an evaluation of restorative justice projects in England.  She began working as part of the SPOOCS team in September 2005, and was responsible for conducting fieldwork and dealing with the day-to-day administration of the project.

  • Andrew Costello (2002-2004)
  • Deidre Healy (2006)
  • Deborah Holmes (2002-2006)

Deborah Holmes gained a BSc in Psychology at Sheffield Hallam University, before going on to gain a postgraduate certificate in research methods at Nottingham Trent University.  Following this, she was employed as a research assistant at the University of Leeds, working on a project assessing and validating scales to address adolescent anxiety and depression.  She completed an MSc in Health Psychology at Leeds University in 2004, and worked full-time on the SPOOCS project conducting fieldwork.

  • Grant Muir (2002-2007)

Grant Muir gained an MA in Psychology from the University of Dundee in 1994 and the following year was awarded an MPhil in Criminology from the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. He then worked at the Institute for two years with Alison Liebling, Tony Bottoms and Gerry Rose on the evaluation of the Prison Service's then newly introduced Incentives and Earned Privileges policy. In 1997, Grant took up a teaching studentship in the School of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, where he gained his PhD in 2003. His doctoral research, working within a Social Identity Theory framework, addressed the issue of masculinity and sexual coercion.

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The Policy and Prevention
Analysis Team

Senior Researcher:

  • Aidan Wilcox (2005-2007)

Aidan Wilcox joined the Applied Criminology Group in December 2005 to work with Professor Alex Hirschfield on the policy and crime prevention implications of SCoPiC. Following completion of an MPhil at the Cambridge Institute of Criminology in 1998, Aidan worked as a research officer at the Centre for Criminology at the University of Oxford, where he conducted a number of research projects including an evaluation of restorative justice for young people, a reconviction study of sex offenders, a study of the parole decision-making process, and an investigation of variation in the grant of legal aid in magistrates' courts. His research interests include reconviction data analysis, evidence-based policy making, and the assessment of the validity of empirical research. He submitted his doctoral thesis entitled 'The validity of reconviction studies' in October 2005.


  • Beth Hodgson (2002-2005)

PhD Candidate:

  • Beth Hodgson (2005)

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